Different Types of Violent Crimes
Violent crimes are defined as a situation in which a victim is threatened with violence. Violent crimes include rape and sexual assault, robbery, assault, and murder.
The Florida Criminal Defense Legal Group is well educated on the criminal legal system. Their rigorous training has molded their expert criminal defense attorneys. They pride themselves in providing the best legal strategy for criminal charges and indictments inflicted upon their clients.
Rape and Sexual Assault
What is Rape?
Rape is non-consensual sexual contact. Rape is a form of sexual assault, but it is imperative to note not all sexual assault is rape. The term rape is used as a legal definition to categorize sexual penetration without consent. Per its Uniform Crime Reports, the FBI defines rape as “penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina, of the vagina or anus with any body part of an object, oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.”
The term sexual assault refers to sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the victim. Forms of sexual assualt inlude:
- Unwanted touching or Fondling
- Penetration of the victim’s body (rape)
- Attempted rape
- Forcing a victim to perform sexual acts
There are many different forms of rape and sexual assault, such as:
- Stranger rape: is a sexual assault conducted by someone the victim does not know. Studies show that only 22% of perpetrators do not know their victims before the assault. Moreover, stranger rapes are deemed as planned attacks. The perpetrators pursue those who appear to be in a vulnerable position.
- Incest: almost all sexual abuse conducted upon children is committed by someone the child knows well and undoubtedly trusts. Many times the perpetrator is a family member of the child.
- Multiple Assailant / “Gang” rape: Victims are assaulted by more than one person. They also deal with the burden of humiliation if their attack is viewed by an outside party.
- Child Sexual Abuse and Assault: any coerced or forced sexual activity involving a minor. There are some sexual abuse that is physical, but others psychological (sexual talk, promoting child prostitution, child pornography. flashing or exposing of sexual body parts, voyeurism, or “peeping” activities)
- Drug-Facilitate Rape: alcohol and other substances are abused and misused to facilitate rape. (i.e., a “date rape” drug)
- Marital or Spousal Rape: A marriage license does not equate to being obligated to submit to sexual contact on demand. Everyone has the right to say “no” to unwarranted sexual advances, even partners within a marriage or relationship.
- Acquaintance Rape: a sexual assault that is committed by someone the victim knows
Robbery is defined as the direct taking of property from a victim through force, threat, or intimidation. In General, It is classified as a Class four felony charge. First-time offenders can serve up to 3.75 years in prison. For those with prior convictions, their prison time can range from 2.25 to 7.5 years. These types of robberies include:
- Armed Robbery: A form of theft that involves either threat of violence or perpetuates violence against a victim
- Aggravated Robbery: When a person uses a weapon to inflict bodily harm (disfigurement or disability) on the victim
- Bank Robbery: A type of robbery in which the perpetrator steals from the bank and other financial institutions
- Larceny: The perpetrator gains possession of a piece of property but not the rights of ownership
- Piracy: Is the act of using or reproducing one’s work without authorization.
- Burglary: Involves the illegal entry of a structure to commit more crimes.
- Looting: The act of stealing goods (i.e., convenience stores)
Assault is the act of intentionally putting another person in reasonable apprehension in imminent offensive or harmful contact. The legal consequences of assault depend on the said act’s seriousness. The types of assault include:
- Simple Assault: This is the most basic form of assault. It is the attempt (knowingly, purposefully, or recklessly) to cause bodily injury upon another person.
- Aggravated Assault: The unlawful attack by one person upon another to inflict aggravated or severe bodily injury
- Assault With A Deadly Weapon: Committing an assault using a weapon (i.e., gun, knife, etc.)
- Assault During Another Felony: The act of committing an assault in the midst of committing another felony
Murder is the willful killing of one human being by another. The legal consequences of murder are dependent on the degree of said act. The types of murder charges include:
- First-Degree Murder: (also known as capital murder) This is the most severe murder as it is often premeditated and carried out purposefully
- Second-Degree Murder: The act of killing without premeditation or planning. While it is not planned, this type of murder is still carried out.
- Voluntary Manslaughter: The result of an aggravated attack to kill a person in the heat of the moment or cause a person bodily harm until they’re at the point of death
- Involuntary Manslaughter: The act of unintentionally killing someone through one’s own negligence or recklessness.
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